Fatemeh Golshahi Hosseini

Theme 2

The synthesis of compounds which are potential nitrification inhibitors and evaluating their performance in soil

Modern agricultural systems are highly dependent on synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizers to maintain crop productivity and fulfill the increasing global food demand. However, a large amount of N fertilizer is lost from agricultural ecosystems due to nitrification and denitrification processes leading to groundwater and atmospheric pollution. In order to decrease N losses and improve N use efficiency in soil, nitrification inhibitors (NIs) are used in modern agriculture. Nitrification inhibitors are compounds that retard the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite, which results in decreased losses of N. Thus, the discovery of NIs with a better nitrification inhibitory activity are heavily in demand.

Fatemeh has a Bachelor of Science in Applied Chemistry from Islamic Azad university of Lahijan and Master of Science in Applied Chemistry from Guilan university. During her undergraduate degree she worked on synthesis of Nanosilver and Nano-hydroxyapatite particles, and then tested these as a bone filler. She has also worked as an apprentice in a Tea Research Centre in which she conducted experiments on soil pH and different metals in soils of tea farms. Her research during her Master of Science focused on organic synthesis, involving synthesis of some novel azo dyes and investigated their applications such as antioxidant activity, dyeing on polyester fibres and solvatochromic behaviour in different solvents.

School of Chemistry, Bio21 Molecular Science & Biotechnology Institute, Faculty of Science, The University of Melbourne.

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